Earth Creatures made something out of something page 87 IN THE BEGINNING H. MOOSE VERBATUM http://palaeos.com/metazoa/arthropoda/dendrogram.h
Earth Creatures made something out of something
page 87 IN THE BEGINNING H. MOOSE VERBATUM
The following provisional dendrogram is by Christopher Taylor and is copied without modification from Palaeos org. It is intended at some point to upgrade it
Due to limitations of time, rthis page has not been formatted (hence no italics etc) MAK120512
ECDYSOZOA |==Dinocaridida | `--ARTHROPODA |--Fuxianhuiida `--+--Candaspidida `--+--Marellomorpha |--Megacheira `--+-Chelicerata `--+--Trilobita `--Mandibulata |--Myriapoda `--+--Crustacea `--Hexapoda
“You shall not make yourselves abominable with any creeping thing that creeps, neither shall you make yourselves unclean with them”—Leviticus 11:43.
It is forbidden to eat any creeping creature or insect.
Though there are other prohibitions regarding specific types of insects and creeping creatures (e.g., flying ones, ones that creep on the ground), this prohibition adds a second “encompassing” prohibition on all sorts of creeping creatures, so that one who eats a specific type of creeping creature has transgressed two commandments.
kam, M & M Averof (1995), Hox genes and the diversification of insect and crustacean body plans. Nature, 376: 420-423. Myriapoda.
Dohle, W (1998), Myriapod-insect relationships as opposed to an insect-crustacean sister group relationship, in RA Fortey & RH Thomas [eds.], Arthropod Relationships. Systematics Assoc. Spec. Vol. 55: 305-315. Myriapoda.
The early history and phylogeny of the chelicerates – by Jason A. Dunlop and Paul A. Selden (abstract of journal paper) that appeared in Arthropod Relationships, pp. 237-245, R. A. Fortey & R. H. Thomas (eds.), Systematics Association Special Volume Series 55 (1997)
referred to in Phylogeny and Basal Arthropoda
Edgecombe, GD & G Giribet (2002), Myriapod Phylogeny and the Relationships of Chilopoda, in J Llorente Bousquets & JJ Morrone [eds.], Biodiversidad, Taxonomía y Biogeografía de Artropodos de México: Hacia una Síntesis de su Conocimiento. Prensas de Ciencias, Univ. Nac. Auton. Méx. 3: 143-168. Myriapoda.
Friedrich, M D Tautz (1995), rDNA phylogeny of the major extant arthropod classes and the evolution of the Myriapoda. Nature, 376: 165-167. Myriapoda.
Giribet G, Carranza S, Baguna J, Riutort M, Ribera C – First molecular evidence for the existence of a Tardigrada + Arthropoda clade.- Mol Biol. Evol. 1996 Jan;13(1):76-84
referred to in Arthropoda and Mandibulata
PDF document Giribet, G., Edgecombe, G. D. & Wheeler, W. C., 2001: Arthropod phylogeny based on eight molecular loci and morphology. Nature, Vol. 413, pp. 157-161
referred to in Arthropoda, Uniramia, and Pancrustacea
Giribet and Ribera 2000, A review of arthropod phylogeny: new data based on ribosomal DNA sequences and direct character optimization. Cladistics 16: 204-231
referred to in Phylogeny
Hou & Bergström, 1997: Arthropods of the Lower Cambrian Chengjiang fauna, southwest China. —Fossils & Strata, Number 45, 22nd December 1997, pp. 1-116
referred to in Arthropoda, Panarthropoda, basal Arthropods, Euarthropoda, Arachnomorpha, and Crustacea, Chengjiang
Kraus, O (1998) Phylogenetic relationships between higher taxa of tracheate arthropods, in in RA Fortey & RH Thomas [eds.], Arthropod Relationships. Systematics Assoc. Spec. Vol. 55: 295-303. Myriapoda.
Gabriele Kühl, & Jes Rust, 2009, Devonohexapodus bocksbergensis is a synonym of Wingertshellicus backesi (Euarthropoda) – no evidence for marine hexapods living in the Devonian Hunsrück Sea, Organisms Diversity & Evolution Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 215–231 online
Claus Nielsen, “The Phylogenetic position of the Arthropoda” – abstracts
Regier, J. C., J. W. Shultz, A. Zwick, A. Hussey, B. Ball, R. Wetzer, J. W. Martin, and C. W. Cunningham. 2010. Arthropod relationships reveled by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences. Nature 463 (7284): 1079-1083. doi:10.1038/nature08742
Robison, RA (1990), Earliest known uniramous arthropod. Nature 343: 163-164. Myriapoda.
Shu, D.-G., Conway Morris, S., Han, J., Chen, L., Zhang, X.-L., Zhang, Z.-F., Liu, H.-Q., Li, Y. & Liu, J.-N., 2001: Primitive deuterostomes from the Chengjiang Lagerstätte (Lower Cambrian, China). Nature, Vol. 414, pp. 419-424
referred to in basal Arthropoda
Snodgrass, R. E. 1938. Evolution of Annelida, Onychophora and Arthropoda. Smithsonian Misc.. Coll. 138: 1-77
referred to in Mandibulata
Turbeville, JM, DM Pfeifer, KG Field & RA Raff (1991), The phylogenetic status of arthropods, as inferred from 18S rRNA sequences. Mol. Biol. Evol. 8: 669–686. Myriapoda.
Dieter Waloszek and Klaus Müller, 1998, “Early Arthropod Phylogeny in Light of the Cambrian ‘Orsten’ Fossils”, Chapter Five, Arthropod Fossils and Phylogeny, Columbia University Press, New York. 347 pages –
referred to in Mandibulata
Wheeler, W. C., Whiting, M., Wheeler, Q. D. & Carpenter, J. M., 2001: The phylogeny of the extant hexapod orders. —Cladistics: Vol. 17, #2, pp. 113-169
referred to in Uniramia
“An Arthropod Phylogeny Based on Fossil and Recent Taxa” by Matthew Wills, Derek Briggs, Richard Fortey, Mark Wilkinson, and Peter Sneath, Chapter Two, Gregory D. Edgecombe, ed. 1998, Arthropod Fossils and Phylogeny, Columbia University Press, New York. 347 pages –
referred to in Mandibulata and Arachnomorpha
Heather M. Wilson, “Phylogenetic Position of the Palaeozoic Arthropleurideans” – Palaeontological Association 44th Annual Meeting, University of Edinburgh, 17-20 December 1999, ABSTRACTS
referred to in Uniramia
Giribet G, Carranza S, Baguna J, Riutort M, Ribera C – First molecular evidence for the existence of a Tardigrada + Arthropoda clade.- Mol Biol Evol 1996 Jan;13(1):76-84 Use of rDNA and rRNA sequencing to determine phylogenetic relationships. The results are surprising. From the abstract:
The results show that arthropods are monophyletic. Tardigrades represent the sister group of arthropods (in parsimony analyses) or they are related with crustaceans (distance analysis and PRN). Arthropoda are divided into two main evolutionary lines, the Hexapoda + Crustacea line (weakly supported), and the Myriapoda + Chelicerata line. The Hexapoda + Crustacea line includes Pentastomida, but the internal resolution is far from clear. The Insecta (Ectognatha) are monophyletic, but no evidence for the monophyly of Hexapoda is found. The Chelicerata are a monophyletic group and the Myriapoda cluster close to Arachnida.